Multiyear Montana study shows the relationships between elk and wolves are not simple-
FWP study finds multiple factors in wolf-elk relations. By Rob Chaney. Missoulian
Nowhere are data adequate to ‘scientifically’ assign cause(s) for any declines that may occur,” author-biologists Kenneth Hamlin and Julie Cunningham wrote in their conclusion.”
However, this conclusion certainly does not mean that wolves do not affect elk in many ways, as do wolves and bear together, and each other as well.
The effect of wolves also varies in different parts of Montana despite there being similar densities of wolves, e.g., NW Montana versus SW Montana and Yellowstone.
This is an important study and you can read the 95 page report and/or save as a pdf file.